The course to be initiated will cover orthodontics. It will be geared towards training hygienists and experienced dental assistants in advanced dental assisting skills in orthodontics. It is envisaged that the other specialties of Prosthodontics, Periodontics and Maxillofacial surgery will also, eventually be covered. The training will be for specialist dental assisting, more advanced than normal dental assisting. Universities do not provide this level of training. The Certificate will be titled ď Certificate in Advanced Dental Assisting For Specialized Dental CareĒ. Certificate of competency will also be given for successful completions of courses.
This will be run on a modular basis and will be PowerPoint presentations and hands-on tuition. The topics will cover both clinical and administrative with practice management. The course is open to hygienists and dental assistants. Only Diploma and Experienced dental assistants with a good knowledge of dentistry and registered with HPCSA can apply . The course is divided into two broad categories namely, CLINICAL and PRACTICE MANAGEMENT. Both these categories will have modules.
What is Orthodontics? Itís place as a dental speciality.
Basic oral and dental anatomy with particular reference to tooth structure and periodontium.
Development of the dentition and how teeth move.
Numbering of teeth and labelling of tooth and gum surfaces.
Normal occlusion, malocclusion and classification of malocclusion.
How we treat orthodontic patients, from consultation to different stages of treatment going into retention and review. An overview of the different techniques.
ORTHODONTIC EQUIPMENT, INSTRUMENTATION, MATERIALS
AND INFECTION CONTROL (STERILIZATION TECHNIQUES)
An in-depth understanding of all the instruments used in fixed labial, lingual and removable orthodontics. Itís uses and recognising wear and tear.
A basic knowledge of all the materials used to treat patients (ie. Consumables). Basic principals in the use and properties of the materials will be covered.
Sterilization and infection control in orthodontics.
Protecting the doctor, the patient and yourself.
Re-use and recylcling of certain orthodontic consumables.
An in-depth understanding of equipment care and use.
Dental Chairs/ Lights
Ultra Violet curing light
X-ray Machine, Developer
Cold Sterilization containers
Introduction to Diagnostic Records. Principles and use.
Impression technique, bite registration, casting models.
Types of models
Trimming models, soaping etc.
Storage of models
Alternatives to Standard Study Models:
Introduction, Radiation safety
Pan, Ceph, Intra Oral, Hand Wrist
Darkroom, Daylight loaders
Pan, ceph, intra-oral, Hand Wrist Technique
Manual tracing of Cephalograms
Downloading digital photos and x-rays.
Scanning photos, x-rays ceph tracings and downloading into computer.
Downloading photographic and digital images of study models for storage.
Drawing Cephs, enhancing images, superimpositions, computer simulation for treatment outcomes.
3D imaging with photo and x-ray superimpositions.
Communication with patients, doctors, medical aids etc. using email and computer fax.
Types of appliances (Removable, fixed).
Appointment with referring dentist for scaling, polishing and fluoride application
Placement of separators or spacers.
Placement of Fixed Appliances
Setting out brackets.
Setting up patients for bonding of brackets.
Removal and Placement of archwires.
Impression and casting techniques for secondary appliances.
Rapid Palatal Expanders
Band Selection for extra-oral and intra-oral auxiliaries.
Instructions immediately after placement of appliances.
Oral Hygiene technique
Care of appliance/diet
Use of medication
Instructions on use of headgears, elastics and removable appliances.
Instructions in respect of expansion devices and other intra-oral auxiliaries.
Follow up communication with patient or parent during treatment.
Chair, patient and body positioning and physical interaction with patient. Informing parent about progress with oral hygiene care and length of appointment etc.
Motivating uncooperative patients.
Monitoring of oral hygiene during treatment and instructions on use of fluorides and other decalcification prevention agents.
REMOVAL OF FIXED APPLIANCES AND RETENTION
In depth explanation of removal procedure (debanding) when removal appointment is scheduled.
Compulsory appointment with referring dentist for scaling and polishing on day of debanding.
Post treatment records on days of debanding.
Placement of fixed upper and lower lingual retainers.
Fabrication and placement of thermoform retainers and instructions.
Placement of removable acrylic retainers and instructions.
Placement of positioners and instructions.
Method of phasing out appliances.
Whitening: Professional application or patient homecare application.
Filing and retrieving files.
Filing of x-rays and other records of patients
Filing of invoices/ statements
Payments of accounts/ reconciling debtors statements and invoices
Salaries, Calculation of PAYE, UIF, SKILLS Levies
Income Tax/ Company Tax
New Employer Orientation
RECEPTION AND COMMUNICATION SKILLS
Communication with patients, staff, doctor
Typing (Letters, reports etc.)
Patient Conflict resolution
Marketing of Practice
BUSINESS OFFICE SYSTEMS
Accounts - Drawing up payment plans
Communicating with patient about costs
Communicating with medical aids
Medical Aid codes/ ICD 10 Codes/ Billing Methods
Updating Accounts on daily basis
EDI/QEDI/ Computer skills for handling accounts
Monthly statement runs
Medical aid authorizations/emailing records
Computer skills for storing and emailing of letters, patients
STOCK CONTROL/REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE
Total list of stock on hand.
Setting out stock according to need and chair/patient position.
Purchasing of new stocks.
Computer assisted stock control.